oh good lord the whitewashed cast in Exodus is so problematic I can’t even buy the movie looking at the set pictures. It just offends me historically. I liked Ridley Scott’s Alien- look what he did with making Sigourney Weaver the protagonist in an era where it’d be so tempting to just make the hero a man, rather than a woman. so that’s why I’m quite disappointed with this. so just gonna rant, yep.
This whitewashing disturbs me, because the ancient Egyptians have been frequently whitewashed- by scientific racism in the 1800s, in order to try and maintain the narrative that all non-white or non-European civilisations were inferior. Prior to the American Civil War era, for instance, there were “scholars” claiming that the ancient Egyptians had to be of European origin. The sophistication and complexity of Ancient Egypt- which was one of humanity’s earliest civilisations, otherwise threatened to wreck this narrative. Much less, an AFRICAN empire- dating back to 5000 BC- that’s 7000 years ago, long before ancient Rome, Greece or Macedon. There were theories that the Egyptian nobles were Europeans, that all the darker skinned Egyptians were slaves or servants. Anything to explain this inconsistency in racial supremacy. (Btw, in Exodus- while the lead roles are given to white actors, alot of African and Arab actors have been filling in only supporting roles).
The guy on the chariot, btw, is actual Ramses, the Egyptian king being portrayed as Moses’ adopted brother in Exodus. This Egyptian illustration is depicting a battle against the Nubians.
The position of modern scholarship is that the ancient Egyptians were Africans- because geneticists believe they were indigenous to the Nile Valley. Just the simple fact of biological necessity means their skin certainly would have been much darker than spray-tans no doubt being utilised in Exodus- to protect them from the African sun! I want to emphasises that Africans remain extremely diverse in appearance even up till today, because they’re literally the cradle of humanity. So, just because the Egyptians appear lighter than the Nubians (another African empire) in the paintings doesn’t mean they’re NOT both African peoples. Even up till today, there are far greater differences in the genetic code of Africans from different parts of Africa than between say, a Chinese and a Dutch person. (That’s how scientists arrived at the conclusion that all of our ancestors must have originated from Africa- the "Recent African Origin of Humans/ Out of Africa" theory).
I have seen some tumblr posts posting photos of modern, fair-skinned Egyptians to excuse this, or people in other places saying “Egyptians are Caucasoids!!! Not (black) Africans!!”
And, that’s just wrong because well, Caucasoid =/= “white” or “Europe” to begin with. Also, saying that present day Egypt’s makeup is 100% like during Exodus (set around 3000 years ago) would be like saying the ethnic makeup of modern Mexico is EXACTLY same as the time of the Aztec Empire! Yes, genetics show that most of modern Egyptians are descended from the original ancient Egyptians, but they are a lot more mixed with people from Europe, Central Asia and the Middle-East due to the various migrations and invasions over 3000 years. Egypt has been invaded by the Romans, Persians and Libyans, just to name a few! And, in modern Egypt there ARE still a sizeable proportion of darker skinned Egyptians who have skin tones similar to how their ancestors are portrayed in the tomb reliefs.
(100% Egyptian- Egyptian flag also included- from the 2011 Arab Spring)
Exodus just makes me think of the 1950s Ten Commandments or Cleopatra. Cleopatra (played by Elizabeth Taylor) is actually marginally better than Exodus because the Ptolemaic Egyptian queen Cleopatra WAS at least part-Macedonian (historians aren’t definitive on who her mother was), and could therefore plausibly be lighter skinned than the Egyptians we see depicted in most of the wall paintings. And we AREN’T in the 1950s anymore- there alot more Egyptian and African actors out there. But- just to point out- Ptolemaic Egypt- which was ruled by Alexander the Great’s general Ptolemy- would have taken place approximately 1000 years after Exodus.
So- no excuses! Also, this thing is this isn’t just about pure skin colour, but also opportunity. Would we be complaining as much if some of the main characters were played by an Egyptian who wasn’t as dark as the tomb paintings? No, because hey- at least Hollywood is giving somebody with actual familial ties to the region a chance to represent his own country on the world stage. Also, I wouldn’t be as offended if they’d used darker skinned actors not of Egyptian origin, because at the very least, the image conveyed to the viewer shows the Egyptian royals aren’t all light-skinned, that great civilisations throughout human history have come in all colours.
i can’t wait until october when there’s no sun outside and everything is cute colors and it’s cold and there are terrible horror movies on tv, my power is at its peak then
Washoe was a chimp who was taught sign language.
One of Washoe’s caretakers was pregnant and missed work for many weeks after she miscarried. Roger Fouts recounts the following situation:
"People who should be there for her and aren’t are often given the cold shoulder—her way of informing them that she’s miffed at them. Washoe greeted Kat [the caretaker] in just this way when she finally returned to work with the chimps. Kat made her apologies to Washoe, then decided to tell her the truth, signing "MY BABY DIED." Washoe stared at her, then looked down. She finally peered into Kat’s eyes again and carefully signed "CRY", touching her cheek and drawing her finger down the path a tear would make on a human (Chimpanzees don’t shed tears). Kat later remarked that one sign told her more about Washoe and her mental capabilities than all her longer, grammatically perfect sentences." 
more about Washoe:
after the death of her children, researchers were determined to have Washoe raise a baby and brought in a ten month chimpanzee named Loulis. one of the caretakers went to Washoe’s enclosure and signed “i have a baby for you.” Washoe became incredibly excited, yelling and swaying from side to side, signing “baby” over and over again. then she signed “my baby.”
the caretaker came back with Loulis, and Washoe’s excitement disappeared entirely. she refused to pick Loulis up, instead signing “baby” apathetically; it was clear that the baby she thought she was getting was going to be Sequoyah. eventually Washoe did approach Loulis, and by the next day the two had bonded and from then on she was utterly devoted to him.
*information shamelessly paraphrased from When Elephants Weep by Jeffrey Masson.
Even more interestingly, after Washoe and Loulis bonded, she started teaching him American Sign Language the same way that human parents teach their children language. It only took Loulis eight days to learn his first sign from Washoe, and aside from the seven that his human handlers learned around him, he learned to speak in ASL just as fluently as Washoe and was able to communicate with humans in the same way she could.
now if y’all don’t think this is the tightest shit you can get outta my face
reblog for the commentary
friendly reminder that if we’re mutuals and you wanna exchange snapchat names or instagram or something you’re more than welcome (encouraged) to shoot me an ask
the only thing you need to know about public school is that people go hard as shit during classroom jeopardy review games. there are no friends here
whatever else marvel does from here on out. at least I will always have cap 2
you know you’re getting old when you watch the little mermaid and when ariel says “i’m 16 years old. i’m not a child anymore.” and you’re just sat there like yes you fucking are young lady stop it
The day you start agreeing with the parents in kids movies is the day it’s all over.
anyone else noticing a trend here?
"My response to the “I am not a feminist” internet phenomenon….
First of all, it’s clear you don’t know what feminism is. But I’m not going to explain it to you. You can google it. To quote an old friend, “I’m not the feminist babysitter.”
But here is what I think you should know.
You’re insulting every woman who was forcibly restrained in a jail cell with a feeding tube down her throat for your right to vote, less than 100 years ago.
You’re degrading every woman who has accessed a rape crisis center, which wouldn’t exist without the feminist movement.
You’re undermining every woman who fought to make marital rape a crime (it was legal until 1993).
You’re spitting on the legacy of every woman who fought for women to be allowed to own property (1848). For the abolition of slavery and the rise of the labor union. For the right to divorce. For women to be allowed to have access to birth control (Comstock laws). For middle and upper class women to be allowed to work outside the home (poor women have always worked outside the home). To make domestic violence a crime in the US (It is very much legal in many parts of the world). To make workplace sexual harassment a crime.
In short, you know not what you speak of. You reap the rewards of these women’s sacrifices every day of your life. When you grin with your cutsey sign about how you’re not a feminist, you ignorantly spit on the sacred struggle of the past 200 years. You bite the hand that has fed you freedom, safety, and a voice.
In short, kiss my ass, you ignorant little jerks.”” — Libby Anne (via awelltraveledwoman)
Ever hear the term “SJW”? It means “social justice warrior,” and it refers specifically to people who point out racism or sexism in movies, video games, and other pop culture. Those people are considered worse than other types of critics because instead of just pointing out that a movie has flaws, they’re accusing people who like it of being awful.
Except they’re not, of course. If someone points out that the alternator belt in your car is slipping, they’re not accusing you of being some kind of mustache-twirling, white cat-stroking supervillain for having car problems. They’re not accusing you of anything. They’re talking about your fucking car.” —
J. F. Sargent, “5 Human Flaws That Prevent Progress and Keep Us Dumb" (Cracked.com)
I don’t know what’s been happening over at Cracked lately, but damn.